Tuesday, June 4, 2019
Case study McDonalds Business Plan
Case study McDonalds Business PlanIn view of the modern homecomings facing the club as salutary as the result of the SWOT analysis and Porters Five Forces abstract, McDonalds may uprise it compelling to enter new inshore markets. Consequently, the Asia-Pacific region, more particularly chinaware has been considered a promising market for McDonalds. The SWOT analysis revealed that McDonalds has the internal capabilities to enter new market and that external threats make it compulsory for the company to enter new markets. In addition, Porters Five Forces Analysis also confirms that McDonalds initiative to expand to China could clear the company to a large extent. Fin aloney, the PESTEL Analysis also suggest that China is potentially a sincere new market for McDonalds.1.0 IntroductionA news article by Nicholas (2010) featured McDonalds unpaid recall of tumblers sell in its store. As revealed in the article, the tumblers were sold at McDonalds as part of the promotional tie u p with a new film. agree to the news article, the tumblers contained cadmium, which is a toxic substance that is extremely dangerous to the developmental health of children (Nicholas 2010). In response to the issue, the Consumer Product Safety Commission called on stiff provender companies for a starker and thorough review of domestic help and international supply chains in redact to prevent products with potentially dangerous elements to reach its stores (Nicholas 2010). Consequently, this issue could add to the list of challenges being faced by the company. To recall, McDonalds has also been held responsible for obesity among children in the US and the UK (Kilkenny, 2010), which may so far be considered as the most disastrous issue facing the company. In view of the issues facing the company, McDonalds may find it vital to launch new business initiatives. This paper presents a business plan for McDonalds, which centers on the strategic issues facing the company and on the re sult of the SWOT ( strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats) Analysis, Porters Five Forces Analysis, and PESTEL (political, economic, social, technological, environmental, and legal) Analysis conducted on the company.2.0 McDonalds partnership Business Overview concord to Adams (2007), McDonalds is a popular destination for fifty million customers every day, making the company one of the largest libertine diet restaurants in the world. McDonalds is considered as the worlds leading fast-food Company in term of revenues andnumber of restaurants. At present, there are ab turn up 32,500 McDonalds stores in over 100 countries across the globe, employing a total of 385,000 employees worldwide (McDonalds 2010). The company is headquartered in Oak Brook, Illinois, nonwithstanding its operations span from the United States to Europe to the Middle East and to the Asia Pacific region (McDonalds 2010).McDonalds stores sell a standardized carte du jour, but there are slight varia tions depending on the country where the store ope pass judgment. For example, aside from its standard menu, McDonalds sell coconut water in Brazil, rice burgers in Taiwan, and porridge in the UK to suit the local taste of the customers (Adams 2007). The key or standard products served at McDonalds stores include hamburgers and cheeseburgers, chicken sandwiches, French fries, wraps, chicken nuggets, salads, desserts, sundaes, soft served cones, pies, as well as cookies. Furthermore, McDonalds also serves a wide range of beverages including milk shakes, soft drinks, coffee, and flavored tea. In addition, McDonalds also sells eat items especially in the US and many international markets, whereby breakfast sayings include muffins, biscuits, hotcakes, and bagel sandwiches. McDonalds markets its products under the following global brands Big Mac, Big N Tasty, Filet-O-Fish, McNuggets, McFlurry, McMuffin, and the McGriddles (McDonalds, 2010).McDonalds Head Quarters3.0 SWOT Analysis3.1 St rengthsStrong Brand As mentioned in Leong and Lwin (2006) brands are valuable symbols that magnify the image of the company. In the case of McDonalds, weapons-grade brands may be considered one of the greatest strengths of the company. As a proof, McDonalds was include in the list of the best global brands in the annual ranking of the Business Week magazine for 2009 (Holbrook, 2009). In relation, McDonalds brand equity for 2009 was valued at around $32,000 million (Holbrook, 2009). As a strong global brand, McDonalds is very well known in the informal-eating emerge market in almost all countries where it operates.Strong Global Presence divagation from a strong brand, McDonalds strong global, diversified presence may also be considered a study strength of the company. At present, McDonalds has more than 32,000 stores in key geographic locations, such as, the US, Europe, Asia Pacific, Middle East, and Africa (McDonalds, 2010). Furthermore,McDonalds operations span across 118 count ries across the globe (McDonalds 2010). Consequently, McDonalds operations tend to be relatively larger compared to rivals.Large Scale of Operation and Product Customization Given that McDonalds is the worlds largest food service retailing chain, it could leverage on its size to compete effectively in the market. Furthermore, McDonalds has bigger economies of scale in terms of cut-rate sales or revenues to compete with rivals. For example in fiscal year 2009, McDonalds generated revenues totaling to $22,744.7 million, which is significantly higher compared to the revenues of Wendys ($3,580.8 million) and Burger fagot Corporation ($2,537.8 million).Low-Cost Foods McDonalds has been popular in the market due to its dollar menu, which includes fruit and yogurt parfait, cheeseburger, and fries (Dunlop, 2009). McDonalds low cost food has been considered a major(ip) strength to the extent that the company still managed to increase sales by 6.8 per centum over the previous year in spit e of the economic tweakturn. Aside from the regular menu, McDonalds also sell specialty coffee such as those sold at Starbucks but a lower cost. To illustrate, Huglett (2009) noted that prices of espresso-based coffee sold at McDonalds costs about 75 cents cheaper than Starbucks coffee. Generally, Holbrook (2009) noted that fast food companies flourished even in a struggling economy due to its cheap menu items.Good Community Reputation McDonalds sponsors the Ronald McDonald House of Charities, which is an integral aspect of the companys corporate social obligation programs. As part of the program, McDonalds sponsors various community outreach programs that aim to benefit children especially those who come from poor families in various communities where McDonalds operates (Adams, 2009). For example, the RonaldMcDonald Care Mobile aims to succeed free screenings and treatments to children all around the United States (McDonalds, 2010). McDonalds corporate social responsibility prog ram has helped render a positive company image. McDonalds mascot, Ronald McDonald has become a symbol of goodwill among customers, most especially to the children.Progressive External Orientation As part of the companys commitment to total customer satisfaction, McDonalds offers free Wi-Fi services in over 15,000 stores across the globe (McDonalds, 2010). The free Wi-Fi access is intended to meet the ain and professional needs of McDonalds customers (McDonalds, 2010).3.2 WeaknessesHealth Issues One of the weaknesses of McDonalds is that its core products were considered unhealthy (Adams, 2009). For example, McDonalds French fries was feared to have more Trans fat, which could cause obesity among consumers.Legal Suits Filed Against the Company McDonalds is troupe to several litigations around the world. McDonalds have faced charges of violation of state consumer fraud acts, unfair competition or deceptive trade practices acts, strict liability, failure to warn, negligence, wound of express and implied warranties, fraud and fraudulent concealment, negligent misrepresentation and concealment, unjust enrichment, and false advertising (Brown, 2003). Additionally, McDonalds have admitted to 20 offenses of illegally employing children aged 15 and 16 at two restaurants in Surrey, UK (Brown, 2003). Furthermore, the company also received more than 2,750 recorded customer complaints of food poisoning a year (Brown, 2003). Consequently, these issues have tarnished McDonalds reputation in the market.3.3 OpportunitiesAdding Healthy Food Options Studies reveal that consumers are becoming more particular of the health implications of their consumption, whereby consumers now tend to demand healthy food options (Taylor, 2006). For McDonalds, this trend could create an opportunity for McDonalds to expand its menu to include healthy food varieties such as salads and fruits.Improving the Transaction and Service Delivery Processes Improvements in technology provide a way for mo re efficient ordering and paying processes. Technologies that could improve transactions at fast food restaurants include the following touch-screen ordering system, which makes order taking faster and more efficient timing systems, which aims to monitor meal progress and hence ensure that orders are delivered accordingly reservation systems, which aims to maintain good flow of traffic within the restaurant inventory management system, which allows restaurants to effectively track supply levels and reduce wastes from over stocking and spoilage and hand-held point of sale devices, which allows servers to place orders and print checks at the tableside.3.4 ThreatsSlowing Economy As mentioned in Horovitz (2009), businesses, including fast food restaurants are vulnerable to economic downturns. Generally, the economic slow down has negative implications to the business reflected in slightly depressed sales evolution of restaurants.Consumer Eating Out Less Surveys reveal that consumers ar e beginning to eat out less relevant to the economic downturn. In relation, a survey conducted by the Nielsen Company revealed that about 46 percentageage of American households have begun to eat out less (Panian, 2010).Increasing Competition Competition in the fast food industry has intensified over time, thereby putting pressure on McDonalds. McDonalds does not only compete with rival companies in the industry, but also with formal restaurants and easy-prepare meals sold at supermarkets (Zwolak, 2010).Increasing Regulations The fast food industry is under strict regulation from the government due to health issues associated to products sold at fast food restaurants. For example, some states in the US have required fast food restaurants to print calorie and nutrition information on their menu and at the same time placed restrictions on selling snack food and popping (Hirsh, 2009).4.0 Industry Analysis4.1 Size and GrowthAccording to Data Monitor industry report, the US fast food market generated total revenues of $68.2 billion in 2008, equivalent to a compound annual growth rate of 5.5% for the periods between 2004 to 2008. Furthermore, the industry is highly fragmented, with the four top players holding only 35 percent of the available market share (Zwolak, 2010). Furthermore, 48 percent of take a crapments are small business operators with nine or a few(prenominal)er employees, go the other 52 percent have between 10 and 99 employees.4.2 TrendsThe fast food industry is in the mature phase of its industry life cycle (Zwolak 2010). In this regard, growth may still be expected but at a slower pace and has the possibility of reaching saturation point in the domestic market. For the fast food industry, annual growth is expected to be around 2.5% over the next five years (Zwolak, 2010).5.0 Porters Five Forces Analysis5.1 Buyer mightinessBuyer power is assessed as moderate to the extent that buyer power within the fast food market is weakened by the fact th at while not everyone enjoys fast food, large numbers of people are patronizing fast food. Buyer power is strong as such fast food companies are compelled to offer low prizing scheme.5.2 Supplier PowerSupplier power is assessed as strong to the extent that the supplier market is quite consolidated whereby few supply companies have substantial market shares and have other customers in the cost foodservice sector and in other segments of the profit food sector, hence decreases their addiction on fast food companies.5.3 New EntrantsEntry to the fast food market does not require huge capital outlay, allowing small business owners to establish single, independent fast food outlets. Furthermore, franchising agreements are common in the industry. As a proof, franchisees run the majority of McDonalds outlets in the US. In this regard, there is a strong likelihood of new entrants.5.4 SubstitutesGenerally, substitutes present a strong threat to companies operating in the fast food industry. At present, substitutes for fast food include other forms of profit food service, and also food retail such as ready meals or easy-to-prepare meals (i.e., frozen meals) for home cooking.5.5 RivalryRivalry in the fast food industry is relatively strong, given that the industry is highly fragmented. As mentioned before, the top four players in the industry hold only 35 percent of the total market share.6.0 Business Expansion Plan Entering New MarketIn view of the current issues facing the company as well as the result of the SWOT analysis and Porters Five Forces Analysis, McDonalds may find it compelling to enter new offshore markets. Consequently, the Asia-Pacific region, more particularly China has been considered a promising market for McDonalds. In relation, the Data Monitor market research found that the Asia-Pacific fast food market has posted strong, generating total revenues of $47.1 billion in 2008, equivalent to a compound annual growth rate of 10.3 percent for the period sp anning 2004 to 2008, with the Chinese and South Korean markets having compound annual growth rates of 14.5% and 5.6% respectively.7.0 PESTEL AnalysisThe PESTEL analysis will be used to validate the bring iniveness of China as the target market for McDonalds. The goal of the PESTEL analysis is to analyze how political, economic, social, technological, environmental, and legal factors will interfere with the organization in entering the Chinese market.7.1 Political FactorsChina adopts the open door reform policy, which aimed to decentralize the economic system and to attract overseas investment. In this regard, McDonalds would not have difficulties in entering the Chinese market, as the political structure of the economy supports foreign direct investment.7.2 Economic FactorsChina is one of the fastest growing economies in the world today and growth forecasts for the subsequent years are fairly high. For McDonalds the booming economy and increasing earthy and disposable income of th e population in China suggest higher revenues in the future.7.3 Social FactorsThe population of China was estimated at 1,328,020,000 as of 2008 and is expected to grow at a slower pace, given the one-child policy being adopted by the country. For McDonalds the large number of population in China opens opportunity for higher sales potentials.7.4 Technological FactorsChinese government has placed significant investments on science and technology, leading to significant improvements in technology in the country. For McDonalds, improvements in technology could offer significant opportunities for businesses in managing different aspects of the business. Companies could leverage on newly introduced software to increase productivity and efficiency.7.5 Environmental FactorsThe Chinese government has committed to reducing its deoxycytidine monophosphate footprint in the future. In this regard, stricter environmental restrictions on businesses may be expected.7.6 Legal FactorsThe Chinese lab or force is highly regulated compared with other countries in the Asian region, whereby regulations are tighter for dismissing workers than on hiring.8.0 Customer AnalysisThe target market segment of McDonalds in the new market includes mostly of busy, working people, to the elderly and young. wash room may be considered as the main factor that attracts busy, working people to fast food as well as to the elderly and the young. Additionally, value for coin may be considered as the greatest factor that would attract low to middle income households to fast foods. Finally, the childrens meal offered at McDonalds would appeal to children.9.0 Competitor AnalysisMcDonalds major competitors in the international fast food market are Wendys International and Yum Brands Inc. Focusing first on Wendys International, the company is engaged in the operation, development, and franchising of restaurants, operating a total of 6,645 restaurants in the US and in 19 other countries and territories (Dat a Monitor, 2009). Same with McDonalds, Wendys also offer a standardized menu, comprised of hamburgers and chicken sandwiches, as well as chicken nuggets, chili, baked and French fried potatoes, freshly prepared salads, milk, frosty dessert, floats, and kids meals. In FY 2008, the company reported revenues totaling to $1,822.8 million and net losses amounting to 413.6 million (Data Monitor, 2009).Meanwhile, Yum Brands Inc., as well develops, operates, franchises, and licenses a system of restaurants. The company operates under five branded restaurant concepts, namely KFC, Pizza Hut, Taco Bell, LJS, and AW (Data Monitor, 2009). Yum Brands operates a total of 36,000 restaurants in more than cx countries. Yum Brands generated total revenues of $11,279 million in the financial year ended December 2008, equivalent to an 8.3% compared to the previous year.10.0 ConclusionMcDonalds is considered as the worlds leading fast-food company in terms of revenues and number of restaurants. However , in view of the current issues facing the company as well as the result of the SWOT analysis and Porters Five Forces Analysis, McDonalds may find it compelling to enter new offshore markets. Consequently, the Asia-Pacific region, more particularly China has been considered a promising market for McDonalds. In relation, the PESTEL analysis confirms that China is potentially a good new market for McDonalds.